Arranged by : Nur Utami Febriani
Yogyakarta Special Province is a province that has the status of Special Region. Special District status is related to the history of the province, in 1945, as a combined region and Duchy Kraton Ngayogyakarta Pakualaman, who joined the territory of the Republic of Indonesia which was proclaimed on August 17, 1945, by the Bung Karno and Bung Hatta.
Northern end of the province of Yogyakarta is the peak of Mount Merapi which has a height of lk. 2920 meters above sea level. By volcano experts (vulcanolog) International, the volcano is very famous for its distinctive shape and similar erupt with volcanic eruptions Visuvius in Italy. Until now, this mountain is very active Merapi volcano smoldering climax, which is a typical panorama melatar their backs on the north of Yogyakarta city.
HISTORY OF YOGYAKARTA
Between the years 1568 – 1586 in the central part of Java island, stands Pajang kingdom ruled by Sultan Hadiwijaya, where during his youth he was known by the name of Jake Tingkir. In a showdown with the Duke of Jipang named Arya Penangsang, he managed to emerge as the winner for the help of some war commanders, including archery and Ki Ageng his biological son named Good Sutawijaya, a Hangabehi who reside in the northern market and therefore he the title of: Ngabehi Loring Pasr. In exchange for Ki Ageng archery and his son, Sultan Pajang then given me a piece of the so-called Earth Menataok, which was still a wilderness, and then constructed becoming a”fief”.
One of his sons seoran pekawinannya with Retno Dumilah, daughter of the Duke of Madison, ruled the kingdom of Mataram as the third king, and the title of Sultan Agung Hanyokrokusumo, he was a true patriot and is famous for his struggle captured the city of Batavia, the dekarang called Jakarta, from power VOC, a Dutch trading organization. Time passed and the event turns.
At the beginning of the 18th century, the kingdom of Mataram was ruled by Sri Sunan Pakubuwono II. After he died, there was a family dispute, between one of his son with one of his younger brother, who is also the result of the Dutch incitement in power at the time. Petikaian it can be solved by bik through Ginyanti Agreement, which occurred in 1755, whose principal content is Palihan Nagari, which means the division of the kingdom into two, namely the kingdom of the government under the Sultanate Surakata son of Sunan Pakubowono to-III, and the kingdom under the rule Ngayogyakarta younger brother of Sri Sunan Pakubuwono the second which then holds the lane I. Ngayogyakarta kingdom is then commonly referred to as Yogyakarta and often shortened to Jogja.
In 1813, lane I, handing some of his Kingdom area located on the west river Progo, to one of his sons named Prince Notokusumo to reign in the area freely, with full sovereignty. Prince Notokusumo hereinafter styled as Sri Paku Alam I, being called Adikarto his territory. After the Proclamation of Independence, stating he fully stands behind the Republic of Indonesia, as part of the unitary state of the Republic of Indonesia, which in turn bersatatus Yogyakarta (equivalent to provinces), until now.
HISTORICAL PLACE IN YOGYAKARTA
At the present time, the entire predicate Yogyakarta melted becoming one and growing into a new dimension: New York As a Regional Tourism Destination. Genuine hospitality, typical of Yogyakarta, will welcome the tourists when they come in with a bunch of romance that will escort as they left Yogya, bringing manisyang memories they will never forget all time.
Perananya as the city struggles, regional Student and Education Center, as well as the culture, supported by beautiful scenery, Yogyakarta has been raised as an area of interest to visit and fascinating to watch. Yogyakarta also has a range of facilities with adequate quality are available in sufficient number, All that will be able to facilitate and provide for ease of tourists visiting the city of Yogyakarta. Means of transport, accommodation and various other supporting facilities, such as fine food and drink were delicious, as well as a variety of souvenirs, easily available everywhere.
In essence, the original art and beautiful culture is always present in lingkunggan palace and surrounding areas. As the former a great kingdom, the arts and culture of Yogyakarta has a high and even an art resource center of Javanese culture. It can be seen from the heritage of art and culture that we can see the carvings on heritage monuments such as temples, the Sultan’s palace and other places that are still associated with court life. And some can be watched on-moseum moseum culture.
The life of dance and other arts are also growing rapidly in the city of Yogyakarta and the cultural values of Jogja terukap also in the architecture of houses, the shape joglonya widely known throughout Indonesia. Andhong antique in Jogja reinforce the impression that the Yogyakarta still has traditional values. Famous artists and great artists in Indonesia at this time, many students and trained in Yogyakarta. A list of names of artists such as Affandi, Bagong Kusdiharjo, Edi Sunarso, Saptoto, Amri Yahya, Kuswadji Kawindro Susanto and others are names that would help to strengthen pernanan Yogyakarta Cultural Center.
Between the beginning of 1946 to end of 1949, over 4 years kuran, Yogyakarta became the Capital of the State of RI. At that time the leaders of the Indonesian people gathered in the city’s struggle. As befits a capital city, Jogja lure the arrival of the young people from all over the country who want to participate in the development of this country to fill the newly medeka.
Followed by the establishment of academies in the arts (Academy of Fine Arts and the Academy of Music Indonesia Indonesia), as well as high schools in Islam (Islamic University Negaeri, which later became IAIN Sunan Kalijaga). At a later time also stand up educational institutions both public and private, in the city of Yogyakarta, so almost no branch of science that is not taught in this city. It makes the city of Yogyakarta tumbul a student city and educational center. The most popular means of mobility among students, student, employee, employees, vendors and the general public are bicycles and motorcycles, which is the means of transportation used both day mupun at night. It menjadika Jogja is also known as a bike city.